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Data pro 2019/2020

Physics I

Kredity 7
Rozsah 3 / 2 / 0
Examinace Z+Zk
Jazyk výuky angličtina
Úroveň []
Garant doc. Ing. Vladimír Scholtz, Ph.D.

Anotace

None

Sylabus

1. Physical quantities, International system of units (SI), vectors and scalars, description of motion
2. Basic concepts of mechanics I: Force, the Newton's laws, work, power, kinetic and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy and linear momentum, elastic and inelastic collisions.
3. Basic concepts of mechanics II: Moment of inertia, torque, angular momentum. Work, power and energy in rotational motion. Rolling motion of rigid bodies. Static equilibrium conditions, center of gravity.
4. Continuum and fluid mechanics: Forces in continuum, deformation, Hooke's law. Hydrostatic pressure, Archimedes' law. Bernoulli's equation, real liquid flow.
5. Oscillations: undamped, damped and forced harmonic oscillations. Composed oscillations.
6. Waves: description, propagation velocity, intensity. Huygens principle, refraction and reflection, Snell law. Interference, standing waves.
7. Electrostatic field: Coulomb's law. Electric dipole. Potential, voltage, work. Capacitor, dielectric polarization. Charge motion in an electric field.
8. Direct current circuits: Ohm's law, Joule law. Kirchhoff's rules. Current, voltage and resistance measurements.
9. Magnetic field: Magnetic force. Mass spectrograph, electric measurement instruments, cyclotron, the Hall effect, Biot-Savart law, Ampere's law. Magnetic fields in matter.
10. Electromagnetic field: electromagnetic induction, proper and mutual inductance. Electromagnetic waves, energy of electromagnetic field.
11. Alternating current circuits: Generator. Power. Impedance, phase shift, serial resonance circuit.
12. Wave optics: concept of light, interference, thin film, single-slit diffraction, diffraction grating, polarization, optical activity.
13. Geometric optics: Basic concepts, reflection and refraction, optical instruments: magnifying glass, microscope, telescope.
14. Basic concepts of modern physics: The photoelectric effect, X-rays, the particle-wave duality, absorption, emission, laser.

Literatura

None

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